Tuesday, June 2, 2020
Informative speech outline samples and other speech outlines are here! Informative speech outline samples and other speech outlines are here! Just as you make an outline before you prepare a thesis or essay, you can prepare a speech outline before your presentation. Speech outline help the speaker to gain a clear and logical view of his presentation. Speech outline samples will guide you in preparing an informative speech outline. A speaker should first be able to organize his speech For this he needs to write speech outline that helps him relate to the audience. There are different ways to speech writing. There are different types of speech outline example that can be followed in writing informative, demonstrative or persuasive speeches. Demonstrative speech outline is prepared according to a chronological or time sequence pattern, where the main points relate by time. On the other hand, an informative speech outline is written in a logical pattern, where speakers present several ideas logically. After you go through a sample speech outline, you will be able to make your own points as why are you giving this talk, what is your major argument in this speech, etc. If you can do a thorough research on the internet for the topic you want to speak, the arguments in favour and against the topic, you will be able to prepare a speech outline. You can give an introduction of yourself, of what you know abut the subject, your credibility and how the audience can relate themselves to your speech. You can also give examples to support your ideas. You should take care to see that you cover one subject before you move to another. If you have a speech outline prepared according to your speech and the needs of the audience, then you would be able to drive home your point to the audience without much effort. In the concluding part you could summarize the main points and also those points specifically which you want the audience to remember. You should not add any new points other than what you have already said and try to end it with some quote that would be impressive.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Weapons are an important aspect of warfare. They help determine how the war will go. If one side as better and more technologically advanced weapons, they have an advantage over their opponents. Nations struggle to create innovated weapons or improve old upon ones. Not every advancement is appreciated and respected. An example of this type of weapon is the chemical weapons, gas or chemical warfare. Chemical warfare is not an accepted or approved weapon, but one that has been banned from use during war. Chemical weapons have been prohibited from warfare before the Great War due to the effect it has on the soldiers and reactions from the civilians and soldiers. Why after World War I are they universally prohibited? Chemical warfare wasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It was also this destruction and death that caused nations to later agree to the prohibition of chemical weapons and warfare. Germany used chemicals as a weapon usually in the form of poisonous gas as it was a more technolog ically advanced weapon then their enemies had. When the Germans first used this weapon it was met with little resistance, therefore, proving that with more advanced weapons, soldiers could accomplish their missions and goals both more accurately and faster or simply making their mission more attainable. While using this weapon, the Germans were not stopped, simply as there was no one to stop them from taking the trenches as their enemies lay dead on the ground in what resembles a gruesome death. During the Second Battle of Ypres, the Germans used chemical weapons for the first time and after a half hour; everything was dead with only the Germans to claim the French trench. This weapon made it possible for the Germans to capture trenches and accomplish their missions. During the war, the reactions to chemical warfare were increasingly negative from both soldiers and civilians. The negative reactions and responses to chemical weapons are reasonable and understandable. Soldiers held ne gative views on chemical warfare as they had to personally deal with the attacks, while the civilians and citizens at home also had difficulty responding to chemical warfare with anything but a negative response. The citizens at home hadShow MoreRelatedThe Invention Of The World War II1367 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesevery other aspect of the war (Military Technology). There have been many pivotal points in warfare driven by advancements in technology. For instance, the invention of gunpowder eventually led to the creation of many new weapons which called for changes in the way battles were fought. Nuclear weapons ended World War II and caused major tension during the Cold War. The invention of the Internet gave way to a completely new branch of warfare, cyber warfare. The Effects of Gunpowder in Weapons The developmentRead MoreMilitary Historians And Theorists Postulate That Napoleon Invented Modern Warfare916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany military historians and theorists postulate that Napoleon invented modern warfare. This belief is not true. Although there are aspects of how Napoleon fought that are used by many modern armies today, and his tactics and philosophy of fighting should continue to be studied, Napoleonic warfare is not fundamentally similar to modern warfare. Napoleon implemented ideas that modern armies use today; however the Revolutions in Military Affairs (RMAs) of the Franco-Prussian Wars and American CivilRead MoreThesis on the First World War1510 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesferocity of the weapons and the increase in human/nations participation was occasioned by the industrial revolution and the French revolution. B. Thesis: The First World War stimulated the greatest changes in warfare because it brought about new technology and industry development, advancement in science, and improved infrastructure and communication; essentially the First World War combined the legacies of the French and Industrial Revolutions and set the pattern for twentieth century warfare. ii. TheRead MoreThe War Of The French Revolution1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIt is critically important to gain all benefits of the military history lessons to abstract the aspects of war, which enhance our leadership and capabilities to take the right decision. Therefore, I am going to start with war definition. Ã¢â¬Å"War is an act of force to compel our enemy to do our WillÃ¢â¬ . During the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth centuries, a series of conflicts dominated Europe. These conflicts had its influence on the Europe at that time, but the Napoleonic wars had theRead MoreThe Iliad By Homer And With The Old Breed93 7 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesB. Sledge, the two stories that revolve around warfare are surprisingly different. Not because of the time period but because of how warfare is viewed in each of these works. In the Iliad, warfare is not only conducted differently but it is viewed as a very heroic and noble thing. Throughout the Iliad, Homer avoids all of the gruesome or evil topics of warfare and simple shows the noble aspects, so much so that he ensures that most of the important characters get a heartfelt and heroic monologueRead MoreEssay on Biological Warfare1747 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBiological Warfare I believe that biological warfare should not be option in war because it is expensive, it could cause a major death toll, and could cause major contamination to anything that is left over after biological weapons are used. Others believe that biological warfare should be an option because it is quick and kills off a lot of area all at once and may be more potent than the most lethal chemical warfare agents. At a time in history when such unique situations are effectingRead MoreThe American Military And International Law Of War Essay1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesentered a new era of warfare Ã¢â¬â information warfare. In the Third Wave, information ascends to become the most important resource and, as such, becomes a significant means of both preventing and limiting future wars as well as winning wars. Many scoff at the ideas as so much hype, but perhaps so, but is important to realize that the American armed forces are the most information-driven force in the world. The American military uses computers and technology for almost all aspects of protecting our freedomsRead MoreWhat Were the Effects of the Rifle? Essay1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrotate about its longer axis (Merriam-Webster). The rifle changed America by starting long range warfare, enforcing a new industry of American weaponry, and leading to the sniper rifle which now has many important uses such as protecting the white house. Foot soldiers have used many different weapons in history dating back to the beginning of time from clubs and spears to bow and arrows and muskets. Weapon evolution has always focused on a way to be able to kill your enemy from a farther distance thanRead MoreWorld War I Changed The World1115 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmade the countries develop new tactics and strategies to fight the enemies. All aspects of geography resulted in struggles, whether it is disease or warfare strategy. Both battles at sea along with battles in trenches both affected the way our military strategized how to defeat the enemy. World War I was known for itÃ¢â¬â¢s trench warfare, but few are aware of the extent of naval battles during the war. Trench warfare was used before WWI, but not to this extent. In this war, trenches were used forRead MoreInternational Law Is The Violation Of National Law Throws A Nation Into Social Anomalies1713 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction International law regulates the relationship between nation states in the world. Violation of international law makes the whole world hazardous as the violation of national law throws a nation into social anomalies. Drones are the weapon of 21st century, the century which is marked by the development of technology. It is thought-provoking and horrifying that the international law is being questioned by the drones attack throughout the world. It is said that the target of these Unnamed
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Tristan, why donÃ¢â¬â¢t you and Annis come to my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s party?Ã¢â¬ Arthur asked with one hand resting on his apartment door on the way out. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on, thereÃ¢â¬â¢ll be free food and all.Ã¢â¬ Tristan eyed him up and down. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll pass. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not my scene, but you have fun.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"All right, but if you change your mind, you have the address. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re welcome as my guest. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t forget that.Ã¢â¬ Elena, wearing a long red wrap dress and a black chiffon shawl around her shoulders, gave Tristan a slight frown. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on, T. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t force me to deal with Arthur alone without back up.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If you need me, Elena, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be there. Just call.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Fine,Ã¢â¬ she drawled. Ã¢â¬Å"Anyway, IÃ¢â¬â¢m kind of excited to try real caviar.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Trust me, you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be.Ã¢â¬ Arthur guided Elena out the doorÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦And ooo, look at that HUGE Christmas tree in the window! I canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe you grew up like this.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Actually, we never had a tree.Ã¢â¬ Arthur took ElenaÃ¢â¬â¢s arm and guided her up the stairs. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s odd to see.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"When are Morgana and Lance coming? IÃ¢â¬â¢m nervous, and I could use a couple more friendly faces. Besides, youÃ¢â¬â¢re radiating tension.Ã¢â¬ Arthur took a breath and knocked. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s because I am tense. And they should be here soon. Morgana loves to show up late and make a scene. The only reason she agreed to come was because I begged her, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure she and Dad will fight within the first five minutes, sheÃ¢â¬â¢ll smash a plate, then storm out. Poor Lance. He probably hates being her perpetual plus-one at these family events.Ã¢â¬ Arthur expected to see one of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s staff open the door, but instead, Uther greeted them, not dressed in a dapper suit, shockingly. He wore corduroy pants, boat shoes with no socks, and a navy blue sweater that appeared decidedly non-elegant. Ã¢â¬Å"Arthur, Elena, thank you for coming.Ã¢â¬ He ushered them inside. After closing the door against the raw wind, Uther offered his hand to Elena in greeting. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you look lovely. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a pleasure to have you.Ã¢â¬ Her eyes wide, Elena shook. Ã¢â¬Å"Um, thank you. You have a beautiful home.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I tried a different decorating theme this year for the holidays. Instead of icy and pristine, I went with holiday cheer.Ã¢â¬ Elena giggled, and Arthur endeavored to not gasp. Was that his father making a joke? UtherShow MoreRelatedshort story1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Short Stories:Ã Ã Characteristics Ã¢â¬ ¢ShortÃ - Can usually be read in one sitting. Ã¢â¬ ¢Concise:Ã Ã Information offered in the story is relevant to the tale being told.Ã Ã This is unlike a novel, where the story can diverge from the main plot Ã¢â¬ ¢Usually tries to leave behind aÃ single impressionÃ or effect.Ã Ã Usually, though not always built around one character, place, idea, or act. Ã¢â¬ ¢Because they are concise, writers depend on the reader bringingÃ personal experiencesÃ andÃ prior knowledgeÃ to the story. Four MajorRead MoreThe Short Stories Ideas For Writing A Short Story Essay1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswriting a short story. Many a time, writers run out of these short story ideas upon exhausting their sources of short story ideas. If you are one of these writers, who have run out of short story ideas, and the deadline you have for coming up with a short story is running out, the short story writing prompts below will surely help you. Additionally, if you are being tormented by the blank Microsoft Word document staring at you because you are not able to come up with the best short story idea, youRead MoreShort Story1804 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesShort story: Definition and History. AÃ short storyÃ like any other term does not have only one definition, it has many definitions, but all of them are similar in a general idea. According to The World Book Encyclopedia (1994, Vol. 12, L-354), Ã¢â¬Å"the short story is a short work of fiction that usually centers around a single incident. Because of its shorter length, the characters and situations are fewer and less complicated than those of a novel.Ã¢â¬ In the Cambridge Advanced LearnerÃ¢â¬â¢s DictionaryRead MoreShort Stories648 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pageswhat the title to the short story is. The short story theme I am going conduct on is Ã¢â¬Å"The Secret Life of Walter MittyÃ¢â¬â¢ by James Thurber (1973). In this short story the literary elements being used is plot and symbols and the theme being full of distractions and disruption. The narrator is giving a third person point of view in sharing the thoughts of the characters. Walter Mitty the daydreamer is very humorous in the different plots of his dr ifting off. In the start of the story the plot, symbols,Read MoreShort Stories1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe themes of short stories are often relevant to real life? To what extent do you agree with this view? In the short stories Ã¢â¬Å"Miss BrillÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Frau Brechenmacher attends a weddingÃ¢â¬ written by Katherine Mansfield, the themes which are relevant to real life in Miss Brill are isolation and appearance versus reality. Likewise Frau Brechenmacher suffers through isolation throughout the story and also male dominance is one of the major themes that are highlighted in the story. These themes areRead MoreShort Story and People1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Title: Story Of An Hour Author: Kate Chopin I. On The Elements / Literary Concepts The short story Story Of An Hour is all about the series of emotions that the protagonist, Mrs. Mallard showed to the readers. With the kind of plot of this short story, it actually refers to the moments that Mrs. Mallard knew that all this time, her husband was alive. For the symbol, I like the title of this short story because it actually symbolizes the time where Mrs. Mallard died with joy. And with thatRead MoreShort Story Essay1294 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA short story concentrates on creating a single dynamic effect and is limited in character and situation. It is a language of maximum yet economical effect. Every word must do a job, sometimes several jobs. Short stories are filled with numerous language and sound devices. These language and sound devices create a stronger image of the scenario or the characters within the text, which contribute to the overall pre-designed effect.As it is shown in the metaphor lipstick bleeding gently in CinnamonRead MoreRacism in the Short Stor ies1837 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOften we read stories that tell stories of mixing the grouping may not always be what is legal or what people consider moral at the time. The things that you can learn from someone who is not like you is amazing if people took the time to consider this before judging someone the world as we know it would be a completely different place. The notion to overlook someone because they are not the same race, gender, creed, religion seems to be the way of the world for a long time. Racism is so prevalentRead MoreThe Idol Short Story1728 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe short stories Ã¢â¬Å"The IdolÃ¢â¬ by Adolfo Bioy Casares and Ã¢â¬Å"AxolotlÃ¢â¬ by Julio CortÃ ¡zar address the notion of obsession, and the resulting harm that can come from it. Like all addictions, obsession makes one feel overwhelmed, as a single thought comes to continuously intruding our mind, causing the individual to not be able to ignore these thoughts. In Ã¢â¬Å"AxolotlÃ¢â¬ , the narr ator is drawn upon the axolotls at the Jardin des Plantes aquarium and his fascination towards the axolotls becomes an obsession. InRead MoreGothic Short Story1447 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The End. In the short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Emma Barrett,Ã¢â¬ the reader follows a search party group searching for a missing girl named Emma deep in a forest in Oregon. The story follows through first person narration by a group member named Holden. This story would be considered a gothic short story because of its use of setting, theme, symbolism, and literary devices used to portray the horror of a missing six-year-old girl. Plot is the literal chronological development of the story, the sequence of events
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Corporate Social Responsibility Policy of Apple. Answer: Introduction: Organisational ethics can be defined as a way in which organisations responds to external and internal environment. Various guidelines and principles are included in organisations workplaces that are decided by individuals or managers of the firm. Ethics can also be interpreted as a code of conduct followed by people working in an organisation. Making profits is the chief reason behind forming any company and to make money by unfair means is not permissible. For firms, individuals should be the first priority and no employee should be manipulated to get good results. Data modification is also taken as unethical conduct and is considered as theft in corporate world(MSG, 2017). In long run of organisations ethical dilemmas might take place in which perplexing situations among people takes place. The dilemmas mostly take place due to divergence in individual thoughts and fundamental nature. The confusing situations arising in workplaces are sometimes hard to justify and making necessary steps against it becomes difficult. In workplaces, dilemmas are happened quite often due to conflicts in ideology of employees and managers. The reason behind such dilemmas can be several like cultural differences, data infringements, child labour, incompetent payroll, incapable management, biased decisions, etc(Hewege, 2012). While unethical performance is made, it becomes duty of the management to look into the matter and undertake necessary steps against it. In this essay similar dilemma faced by one of the most renowned companys manufacturing unit of Apple Company at Foxconn will be discussed(Dawn, 2016). In order to make detail examination of the situation, two theoretical concepts will be discussed along with making an evaluation of those theories and how they could influence managerial practice in Apple Company. To assist the managers, critical reflection will be made in conclusion so that leaders can make decisions ethically. One of the most popular MNC is Apple whose headquarters is situated in America. It is also worlds second leading IT Company after Samsung([Case Study]-Apple vs. Samsung: A Battle of Marketing Relevancy, 2017). The company specialises in developing and designing computer software and computers. Popular mobile phones such as iPods, iPhone, ipad, etc. are all manufactured under the brand of Apple. Presently the CEO of the company is Tim Cook who was appointed in the year 2012 by Steve Jobs(Rawlinson, 2017). The article recently reported that the CEO had made immense profits for the company with his expertise and firm dedication. The CEO is said to be creative and innovative and had added cash reserves of over 90 billion dollars in the company. Soon after the new CEO was appointed, an ethical dilemma happened in Chinese manufacturing sector of the company in which employees protested against working conditions. Few even committed suicides and others threatened for the same. Foxconn is on e of the leading manufacturers of Apple who supplies finished Apple products for the company. The recent dilemma faced in factory premises where employees threatening attitude for suicide had made colossal situation for Tim Cook(Elmansy, 2017). The workers at Foxconn faced unethical working conditions in the working areas of one of the biggest electronics manufacturing unit. Around 150 workers threatened to jump from the roof of the building if their inconsiderate working conditions were not improved. One of the Chinese Community partys officials and managers were able to convince the workers to abort suicide and get down the roof for settlements. After two days of endeavour, the workers came down(Pierce, 2017). Apple is a global company and work pressure there seems to be high. The company was unable to give stress on Foxconn issue and the CEO focussed more on introducing its products and making profits(Vincente, 2015). To fulfil the demands of customers had been the prime target of Tim Cook and thus working hours were doubled for Foxconn factory in China. The company here lacked corporate social responsibility and tried to make profits against responsibility towards individuals. To show CSR only in companys brochures is n ot enough and is considered vital for smooth running of business(Apple India Private Limited, 2016). Nowadays people are getting concerned regarding socio economical factors and hence avoiding conflicts has become important so that financial merits are not hampered. The situation at Foxconn is one of the examples which shows negligible CSR of companies and nevertheless managers pretends to assure their responsibility, many of them lacks social ethics. Tim Cook focussed more on its supply network to achieve the companys goal but lacked to look over its manufacturing sectors. The investigations made by several newspapers were successful in highlighting the workers problem of Apple Company. The circumstances at Foxconn were not because of one reason or developed overnight but the problem had started since the year 2010. On that particular year more than eighteen employees committed suicide out of which fourteen died on spot(Brightkite, 2017). The main reasons behind such conditions, as told by employees working there, was low wages, inhuman treatment, long working hours and bias managers. The managers here are expected to take initiatives and embrace ethics. The companys shares increased and reputation of Apple reached high ends in around 2015 and companys financial results were seen above expectations. The investigators focussed more on companys merits rather than looking into other issues as a result the companys profits were benefitted from cost of employees life and those working at Foxconn(The Telegraph, 2017). The success of Apple in terms of finance and product quality cannot be overlooked but the ethical deficiency carried by the company is also important to be looked at. The way managers of the company handled its ethics and employees welfare had been covered by social Medias recently that are influencing the perceptions about Apple Company which is also affecting the companys economic success. However, New York Times magazine has identified that the Apple Company is working on taking initiatives towards preventive measures and reducing the working stress. The company made a report for its suppliers representing a portion of com panys supply chain. The company registered itself under Fair Labour association and became first IT Company for making such decision(Apple Inc., 2017). The company also made environmental groups and implemented labour rights while permitting its staff to work under fair conditions only. The incident that occurred in Foxconn factory gave company an opportunity to take preventive measures regarding social matters rather than financial issues. The CEO handled the situation very commendably and was able to deal with the issue professionally. Mr. Cook followed every protocol recommended to him and made advancement while dealing ethical dilemma at workplace(Dormehl, 2017). He evaluated the appropriate theories that could be applied to identify the root cause while making suitable decision. The CEO took steps in order to improve the working condition at Foxconn, as reported by the company. A non profit making organisation situated in America, The Fair Labour Association also claims that Ap ple Inc. had fulfilled all necessary working requirements in its factory premises of iPhones and iPods at Shenzhen and Chengdu(Background Of Case Study Apple Inc, 2015). The employees however do not seem to be contended and claims that proper solution has not been made to improve their work culture. They claim that organisation is bothered only about making profits and targeting their goal without giving reason for motivation among employees so that they could work with full aptitude. The company had enabled their work premises with additional recreation tools like tennis courts, television, swimming pools, interest clubs, etc. but the workers find them useless as they are unable to utilise them due to their excessive work load. The factories lacked necessary preventive tools as incidents were reported by employees that occurred in factories. In one of the factory fire broke out and other time poisonous gasses were spread inside the factory that choked many people(Lei Guo, 2012). Medical facilities also seemed inefficient at the time of disasters which brought rage in feelings of workers as they became sick due to inappropriate working conditions(Mer chant, 2017). Apple Inc is one of the biggest MNCs in the world and to maintain responsibility towards its stakeholders and entire business market is very significant for the company. With exclusive supply chain network and availability of products globally has made the company gain reputation and loyalty among customers. Thus it becomes necessary to maintain ethics and CSR while delivering enhanced consumer service along with giving fair returns to its shareholders. In order to examine the topic further two theoretical concepts will be utilised in this research paper. In businesses ethical theories have always provided an enormous foundation while making judgements regarding ethical contents in work action. The basic fundamental theories that could provide assistance in case of Apple Inc are Deontological and Teleological theory. The two theories will help in considering the situation and derive different conclusions respectively. The significance and possible outcome of actions can be focussed while applying teleological theory. This theory is widely used in business context and public relation policies. Utilitarianism comes under teleological theory which states that actions made by employers seems good if maximum number of people feel contended or satisfied(Business Jargons). Thus it can be said that if a decision is fair; the end will automatically become fruitful. Eudaimonism in teleological theory states that action made by companies seems good if the goals are fulfilled along with maintaining public welfare. The promotion of trends and prof iteering is enabled after fulfilling individual contentment is considered as an example of sound ethical base. Deontology theory in ethics focuses on aptness or incorrectness in actions as opposed by others during the course of action towards the work performance or any individual(Mastin, 2008). Thus major work of deontologist is to make out whether the situation is fair or worse depending on the action and that the claim is correct or not. The moral obligations will always give priority to good actions and confirm moral ethics in its undertaking. In other words deontology deals with those ethical actions that proves good in the terms of society and is made without justifying their consequences regarding ultimate goals. The outcome of this theory always gives well results when talking about individual morale. The action taken is normally in favour of workers before considering corporate factors. Divine Command theory in deontological theory states that any moral action made by people is important as it is obligatory to perform actions ethically. It is duty of individuals to perform their part of responsibility with integrity in providing better moral action for society. Natural Rights theory states that the ethical theory gives rights to individual to work under fair condition and if it is exploited, people may demand for changes. This theory gives rights to the people to develop their transit and tradition after incorporating ethical laws(Mastin, 2008). In case of Apple, the contribution made by the company in technological and supply chain has impacted the entire world significantly. However, ethical part in the company is found missing. The CEO of the company made profound decisions that made the company in top position in market but only if he could make extra effort in managing workplaces could have helped the company come out of the dilemma. The company lacked ethics and morals and thus faced issues regarding it(Lei Guo, 2012). The case of Apple Inc can be classified into deontological approach. Initially the company used to think about excessive working hours along with child labour and other issues relating health and safety. The increasing approach by social Medias exposure regarding ethical behaviour had made company look more into its publicity impacts that may prove negative on share prices and revenues. With increasing pressure on workers and supply chain the company witnessed rise in audits and share prices and became c lose in accomplishing its objective. According to authors, any act towards fulfilling goal should be ethical and conditional or else it is considered as unlawful act(MSG, 2017). The suppliers of Apple always suffered ethically from Apple Company and since Asian regions had low bargaining power, they had to bear ethical force. Since Asian regions production costs are cheaper, the company tried to make utmost supply out of it and under no condition was ready to reduce its business(Firstpost, 2017). The act which the company followed is not accepted universally and the case of Apple shows that the company discriminated between their own employees and outside suppliers. The company was also reported to involve chid labour in its manufacturing unit which is again unacceptable case principally. Therefore it can be said that although the company was successful in implementing utilitarianism but deontological approach seemed unsatisfactory. The CEO and the management of the company should take more care of their labours as the company is highly depended on them. The satisfaction and basic demands of employees shall be taken care of by the company including health facilities and enhanced working conditions. If these are not met, the company might have to face future troubles(Hewege, 2012). Here the company can apply consequentiality approach that may help the company to control the situation. The CEO needs to understand that increasing employees satisfaction always increase their work capability and maximise returns gradually. The decrement in job satisfactions loses the enthusiasm among employees and tendency to work is reduced along with reduction in product quality. The working condition of Foxconn as reported had unpleasant working conditions and thus created ethical dilemma which regulated the reputation of the company. If such working conditions are not enhanced, any positive decision may not seem accomplishing and also will not bring positive changes among employees. More worse the situation becomes will bring in more media attention and hence only inconvenience will be created in growth path(Dormehl, 2017). Nowadays people are getting more concerned about social welfare and CSR of organisations. If the consumers comprehend that the manufactures works for the company at the price of their living, it might become unbearable for them. As a result Apple might lose its important clients and customers which will automatically hamper companys approach towards forming a sustainable position in market. The management system of the company thus requires undergoing constructive change in order to avoid future issues(Sin, 2016). The management system at Foxconn has weak leadership control as it is seen that the leaders were unable to handle the situation at the beginning which increased to such an extent that made suicides in the premises of company. Foxconn requires leader who is more bureaucratic in control and possess a quality that could balance companys requirement and labour demands(Bilton, 2014). Trust between managers and employees are the base of any company along with sharing responsibility. The ethical concepts demands the company to treat people as individuals and not like machines and thus the administrators are demanded to be superior in conducting moral ethics. If such ethical strategy is adopted in Foxconn, quick flow in decisions can be seen and closeness between authority and workers might solve the current issues. Training programmes can be introduced at Foxconn that might help workers in understanding latest techniques as well as different ways through which they could complete their job faster. Presently the dictators of Foxconn treat employees as slaves and despite getting such behaviour, no employee had ever tried to lawsuit against the company. Under the Labour Law of China, all the possessions and ID cards are kept by the company which are not returned back to their families even if they demand for it(Bilton, 2014). This again proves unacceptable law and justifies ethical dilemma faced by Apple Company. If any workplace is constructed without ethical presence, it becomes duty of leaders to rectify it and failing such, the organisation might have to face bad publicity in front of public and corporate world. Ethics refers to those moral principles that motivates people and creates moral development which can be seen in the operations of businesses. The best leaders are the ones who ensure bondage between employees and employer(Mastin, 2008). Conclusion After analysing the situation of Apple Inc in the above essay, from multi perspective view, it can be said that the Foxconn specialises in making utmost profits and generating sufficient amount of production. But the ethical issues as commented by its employees show that the company lacked moral principles and treated its workers as slaves(Brightkite, 2017). Foxconn has been able to implement bureaucratic and scientific management theory which made its workers work like machines and not like humans. This intolerant nature of the management had made many of its employees fall sick and even aroused suicidal instinct in them. The new CEO of the company had been under great pressure as the long running ethical dilemma needs to be corrected immediately or else the entire organisation might have to suffer immensely. MNC as huge as Apple loses its ethical conduct is something shocking for the nation as such companies is taken as examples of successful entrepreneurs. Thus it becomes very ess ential for the CEO to rectify the issues and make decisions that provides development for improved tomorrow(Elmansy, 2017). Leaders are entitled to make decisions after focussing on employees satisfactions and core development keeping aside personnel sentiments and profiteering nature. The above essay had given a detailed view on the organisations managerial incapability and about workers dilemma in a company. The two theoretical concepts discussed from management ethics had examined the dilemma crucially while making close evaluations of situation. The recommendations made in the essay might prove beneficial for the managers of the Apple Company and ensure that further decisions made by them are more based on ethical grounds. Thorough literature on key perception of management and leadership theories and significance of ethics in business had been studied that might result in costing ethical dilemmas in companies. References [Case Study]-Apple vs. Samsung: A Battle of Marketing Relevancy. (2017). Retrieved from https://dsim.in/blog/2017/01/28/case-study-apple-vs-samsung-a-battle-of-marketing-relevancy/ Apple Inc. (2017). Apple at work. Retrieved from https://www.apple.com/business/success-stories/ Apple India Private Limited. (2016). Corporate Social Responsibility Policy of Apple India Private Limited. Retrieved from https://images.apple.com/legal/more-resources/docs/Apple-India-CSR.pdf Background Of Case Study Apple Inc. (2015). Retrieved from https://www.ukessays.com/essays/marketing/background-of-case-study-apple-inc-marketing-essay.php Bilton, R. (2014). Apple 'failing to protect Chinese factory workers'. Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-30532463 Brightkite. (2017). Apple Foxconn Case Study. Retrieved from https://brightkite.com/essay-on/apple-foxconn-case-study Business Jargons. (n.d.). Teleological Ethical Theories. Retrieved from https://businessjargons.com/teleological-ethical-theories.html Dawn, C. (2016). Where Apple Products Are Born: A Rare Glimpse Inside Foxconn's Factory Gates. Retrieved from https://www.recode.net/2015/4/6/11561130/where-apple-products-are-born-a-rare-glimpse-inside-foxconns-factory Dormehl, L. (2017). Today in Apple history: Apple responds to Foxconn suicides. Retrieved from https://www.cultofmac.com/483292/today-apple-history-apple-responds-foxconn-suicides/ Elmansy, R. (2017). Design Thinking Case Study: Innovation at Apple. Retrieved from https://www.designorate.com/design-thinking-case-study-innovation-at-apple/ Firstpost. (2017). Latest News on Foxconn sharp. Retrieved from https://www.firstpost.com/tag/foxconn-sharp Hewege, C. R. (2012). A Critique of the Mainstream Management Control Theory and the Way Forward. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244012470114 Lei Guo, S. H. (2012). A case study of the Foxconn suicides: An international perspective to framing the sweatshop issue. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254093520_A_case_study_of_the_Foxconn_suicides_An_international_perspective_to_framing_the_sweatshop_issue Mastin, L. (2008). The Basics of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://www.philosophybasics.com/branch_deontology.html Merchant, B. (2017). Life and death in Apples forbidden city. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jun/18/foxconn-life-death-forbidden-city-longhua-suicide-apple-iphone-brian-merchant-one-device-extract MSG. (2017). Organization Ethics - Meaning and its Importance. Retrieved from https://managementstudyguide.com/organization-ethics.htm Pierce, C. P. (2017). Scott Walker's Wisconsin Foxconn Deal Is Even Shadier Than It Sounds. Retrieved from https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/politics/a12444506/wisconsin-foxconn-deal/ Rawlinson, N. (2017). History of Apple: The story of Steve Jobs and the company he founded. Retrieved from https://www.macworld.co.uk/feature/apple/history-of-apple-steve-jobs-mac-3606104/ Sin, B. (2016). Latest Foxconn Worker Deaths Build Case For Apple To Move Operations From China. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/bensin/2016/08/22/the-real-cost-of-the-iphone-7-more-foxconn-worker-deaths/#5cd11a485560 The Telegraph. (2017). 'Mass suicide' protest at Apple manufacturer Foxconn factory. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/china/9006988/Mass-suicide-protest-at-Apple-manufacturer-Foxconn-factory.html Vincente, E. F. (2015). Foxconn Case Study: A Look at Ethics in the Global Marketplace. Retrieved from https://pax.shc.edu/story/foxconn-case-study-look-ethics-global-marketplace
Saturday, April 18, 2020
William Shakespeare One may find it ridiculous to contrast between Shakespeare and existentialism in its 20th century form, however one must keep in mind, that existentialism does not appear as a single philosophical system. It is more an attitude of life, a general vision - existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre is known to have stated that existentialism was never invented, it has always existed as the ultimate foundation. Upon that light, why not seek the foundations from the work of the forefather of all dramatists? It is above all na?ve to claim Prospero's Epilogue in Shakespeare's play The Tempest a mere conventional appeal for applause or the stripping of the imaginary glamour built up by the plays magic. Even the greatest of artists would rather give away his life than surrender his art to be judged solely by the public. Art for an artistic genius is practised for its own sake; art for the purpose of art. Existence for the sake of existence itself - stripped of meaning, of value and of subjective interpretation. In its bear meaningless form, something still remains: the necessary Natural Law, a philosophical concept considered the basis of human well-being, a system of the values that determine human existence. Throughout The Tempest Prospero's character portrays an image of a nearly Nietzchean superhuman capable of disclaiming authority, killing God. He is in control of every situation and event as if the chain of causes and effects would be a conductible melody waiting for an artist's touch. On the other hand he is very human: a wronged duke and a father, a symbiosis which Shakespeare displayed with the use of Prospero's garment as a theatrical tool. An artist is the creator, the maker of realities yet he remains human, an animal with feelings and urges, ties only waiting to be cut. The view implied is not far from the ideologies that emerged from the great suffering of the second world war: a man is capable of constructing himself a framework of personal and social meaning, but his true animal nature remains unchanged. In the heart of existence, life has no predefined meaning, it is a mere passage of survival from necessary birth to necessary death. Prospero's and his daughter's situation on the island was hopeless, however Prospero had chosen a function for his life - revenge. Prospero created a meaning for his life, built a synthetic reality to keep him sane on the path towards the finality of human death. Early existentialism begins to appear. The literatory image behind The Epilogue of The Tempest greatly involves the attitude and interpretation of art. Having constructed a window or more or less a door to an imaginary world for the audience, Shakespeare has succeeded in fusing art and reality. Upon that light it is incomprehensible to assume his need to address the subjective yet neutral third party, the audience - shatter the synthetic reality. However, The Epilogue is a beautiful and humble ending to a story filled with strong magical elements - the control is given to the audience, they are given Prospero's magical garment. The passive third party is given a choice of interaction, chance to rise beyond spectatorship. An interesting aspect to The Epilogue of The Tempest is the fact that it was Shakespeare's last play - the final words of a great artist. Due to the lack of historically trustworthy biographical information of Shakespeare's character, it is difficult if not impossible to determine the effect of his life situation to the message itself. Whether justified or not, The Epilogue seems like a farewell - a humble artist handing over his life to the audience to which he has dedicated his entire life. When examining The Epilogue with the restriction of intertextuality, one is forced to focus on the character of Prospero. Why does he leave a farewell, why does he become the ultimate link from the world of the play to the world of the third party, the audience. His importance as the narrator of The Epilogue creates a third dimension to his character traits, he becomes the God-figure that seems limited to living on a island yet he can perform metaphysical leaps between dimensions. The person speaking is the author himself, for in
Saturday, March 14, 2020
Precis #3 The utterance of untruth is not justified through suppression of doubts on the subject or ignorance of the truth. Taking a statement for what itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth, without any further inquiry, is not only doing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self harm but also doing harm to anyone who one retells that statement and to society as a whole. In the case of the ship owner, burying his uncertainties about the integrity of his vessel, regardless of its journeyÃ¢â¬â¢s success, was a wrong. It is also faulty to believe on insufficient evidence or by purposely avoiding investigation. It is asserted that humankind believes blindly because it is afraid of doubt and unmotivated to investigate. OneÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs make one strong if one has strong convictions. If these convictions are untrue, however, that strength is stolen and unreal. By this process, it is possible that society could become totally complacent, accepting everything that it is told by whom ever tells it. The process starts at childhood; a mother telling her child what she knows of the world with the child believing everything on the basis of authority. The child has no reason to ask questions of what it is told because it has no reason to first question the validity of its parents. It also has no knowledge of the rules of authority. Some things may be discounted because they cannot be known by a human or by a human of the nature to which one is speaking. If a mother tells her child that its dead dog didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel a thing when it died and that it went up to puppy heaven to be with all its doggie friends, there is immediate cause for the child to discount its mothers story. Children cannot understand this however. As the child grows it becomes aware that it should begin to question things which it has held to be true. It is easier to be skeptical of things one is learning than things one ahs held true for a lifetime. People believe falsehoods from their youth to keep peac ! e of... Free Essays on Precis Free Essays on Precis Precis #3 The utterance of untruth is not justified through suppression of doubts on the subject or ignorance of the truth. Taking a statement for what itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth, without any further inquiry, is not only doing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self harm but also doing harm to anyone who one retells that statement and to society as a whole. In the case of the ship owner, burying his uncertainties about the integrity of his vessel, regardless of its journeyÃ¢â¬â¢s success, was a wrong. It is also faulty to believe on insufficient evidence or by purposely avoiding investigation. It is asserted that humankind believes blindly because it is afraid of doubt and unmotivated to investigate. OneÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs make one strong if one has strong convictions. If these convictions are untrue, however, that strength is stolen and unreal. By this process, it is possible that society could become totally complacent, accepting everything that it is told by whom ever tells it. The process starts at childhood; a mother telling her child what she knows of the world with the child believing everything on the basis of authority. The child has no reason to ask questions of what it is told because it has no reason to first question the validity of its parents. It also has no knowledge of the rules of authority. Some things may be discounted because they cannot be known by a human or by a human of the nature to which one is speaking. If a mother tells her child that its dead dog didnÃ¢â¬â¢t feel a thing when it died and that it went up to puppy heaven to be with all its doggie friends, there is immediate cause for the child to discount its mothers story. Children cannot understand this however. As the child grows it becomes aware that it should begin to question things which it has held to be true. It is easier to be skeptical of things one is learning than things one ahs held true for a lifetime. People believe falsehoods from their youth to keep peac ! e of...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Developmental - Essay Example the answer would always be Ã¢â¬Å"I played with my friends.Ã¢â¬ My mother says that it was only after a year at preschool that I began to give details of my daily happenings. During this period I experienced a number of firsts. I entered school for the first time. I made friends for the first time and according to my teachers I would organize the games for my friends and me to play. I really do not remember what the names of my teachers were but I do remember they were a friendly, kind and loving bunch. Another significant event in my early childhood was the birth of my baby brother. At first I would not understand why he was there but eventually I began to love him. However, loving him did not imply that every toy he got really belonged to him. Sometimes, I would fight with him for a toy that I had chosen for him. My mother reminds me that I would consider everything in the house as belonging to me. The house was mine. The refrigerator and everything in it was mine and certainly my baby brother was mine. Specifically, I remember that I called the next-door neighbor my sister. My mother would always repeat the story of the day that I told her that she had a Ã¢â¬Å"ginaÃ¢â¬ and my grandmother had a Ã¢â¬Å"ginaÃ¢â¬ but my father, my next door neighbor and I had penises. My next door neighbor is now my girlfriend and I discovered that she never had a penis. At age two when other children would only have about 50 words in their vocabulary, I believe I had about one hundred. I loved to talk and I still do. Also I have always loved music and my father would buy instruments for me which I would destroy before the month was through in order to fix them. I have always been a fun loving person. As a child I would enjoy going to the beach. During my preschool years I learnt to swim, to appreciate music and to use the computer. I was usually a happy child. My parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ friends would tell me that all they remember of me as a young child is my ready smile. It took me a